Diegetic music

It happens in the scene, and the characters can hear it.

Extradiegetic (non-diegetic) music

It happens outside the reality of the scene.


Sound level relation between the music and the other sounds.

  • absolute: only the music is heard
  • preponderant or foreground: the music dominates the other sounds
  • secondary or background: the music is below main sounds (voice)
  • latent: very low level, almost imperceptible.


Auricularization: The fact of establishing a explicit point of listening.

Ocularization: the fact of being conscious of a visual point of view.

Focalization: the fact of having a narrative point of view.

Non-auricularized music or auricularization 0 (zero): the sound comes from everywhere and nowhere, there is no filtering, the music uses the surround space. Similar to CD-quality music listened through headphones. Typical for non-diegetic music.

Neutral auricularization: the music comes from the diegesis (the place shown on the screen), but there is not a specific point of listening. Corresponds to diegetic music, it may be equalized (filter) and contain reverberation (room acoustics).

Marked auricularization: when we become conscious of the location of the music.